Why Choose Native Plants?
What defines a native plant? Native Plants are plant species that existed in an area prior to European settlement.
Native plants typically have deep and extensive root systems which help them survive dry conditions and which effectively hold soil, controlling soil erosion and moderate floods. The root systems are a major part of the biomass provided by vegetation. Through photosynthesis these plants use carbon dioxide to create complex hydrocarbons, thereby enriching the soil and reducing the “greenhouse effect” of carbon dioxide.
Plants native to a specific area provide the best food and habitat for wildlife, and may support 10 – 50 times as many species of native wildlife as non-native vegetation.
Once established, Native Plants require fewer resources, less maintenance and inputs like water, fertilizers, and herbicides. Native plants maintain and enhance biological diversity.
Native plant species provide the cornerstone elements for ecosystem restoration and decrease the spread of non-native noxious species.
In a residential lawn scenario, cool season turf grasses such as Kentucky Bluegrass, have very shallow root systems and are much less effective in controlling erosion and withstanding severe drought. This non-native grass requires much more water than a native variety.